Do you know how to get some details of high-speed connector design? Connectors should be familiar to all engineers. One of the most common components is a bridge between devices. How to optimize the design of high-speed connectors is actually a rule to follow. Below we will give you the six details of popular science, and learn quickly.
The key to optimizing high-speed connections is to ensure the smallest amount of signal loss. Once the bandwidth of the connection is identified, the s parameter can be further explored to fully understand the nature of the connection. Collecting a comprehensive understanding of these aspects allows users to understand the potential of high-speed connections. These s-parameters are the metric used by manufacturers to classify connector speeds and should be taken seriously. You should also pay careful attention to the s-parameter in the time domain, which is a measure of the performance of the signal in relation to time.
2, PCB termination options
Designers must also consider the importance of PCB termination options. These options include: surface mount, press fit and in-hole soldering (PIH). Each of these options has advantages and disadvantages. The reason why press-fit terminals are a reliable choice is their durability. These rugged connections are very safe to connect to the PCB, but it poses a challenge to the high-speed connections that users usually require, making it difficult to route signals out of the PCB with high-density connectors. Because the termination style usually requires more layers in the PCB, this will lengthen the signal path, produce higher frequency discontinuities, and may inhibit signal speed.
3, surface mount terminal
Surface mount terminal design is more sensitive to impedance matching, and designers can choose to directly connect with PCB. They are internal connections called "buried vias" in the circuit board, which are more effective than press-fit terminals to improve frequency response. This method is more effective for high frequencies that experience losses in press-fit options, but they are hardly durable and usually require additional mounting hardware to establish the safety connectors provided by press-fit alternatives.
4, paste hole terminal
The paste hole terminal contains the characteristics of the first two styles. The PIH style uses plated pin holes to solder the contacts into the PCB, similar to a press fit. The obvious difference between the two styles is the length of the pins of the PIH type and the holes they use. The pins are much shorter, allowing drilling to reduce unnecessary stubs on the signal. Although the signal stub is related to the signal length on the transmission line, unfortunately, the density of these patterns hinders communication with the PCB.
When deciding which style to use in the system, the contacts in the mating connector must be considered. Designers can make a variety of choices when determining the contact configuration, which is very similar to the termination alternative, and each has its advantages and disadvantages. An edge-mounted connector is one of this configuration, and it is connected to the PCB with a narrow rod equipped with a spring to achieve higher continuity. However, shock and vibration pose a threat to the integrity of the connection under pressure, and safety may require additional reinforcement.
6, crimp connection
crimp connections are more commonly used for connections under stress that edge mount connectors may not be able to handle. It uses a rod and spring design similar to the edge-mounted connector, but provides additional features that give it an advantage in high pressure situations. These connectors are very reliable due to the multiple contact points that allow connection. The pin layout, springs and additional functions enable tight connection and reduce resistance to signal flow. Although the connection is tight, the length of the contacts can cause problems. They sometimes exceed the length of edge-mounted connectors, which in some cases can limit continuity. The above is to get some detailed analysis of high-speed connector design, I hope to help you.